Cacique Marcos Xukuru has gone to Brasilia to advocate for indigenous peoples rights in Brazil. He will be returning in the next few days. I will be leaving for Pesqueira on October 11th to stay with the Cacique and participate in the various meetings that he attends with local indigenous leaders in the aldeias (village communities) on Xukuru land.
In the mean time, there are some serious human rights abuses occurring to the Guarani Kaiowa Apyka´y in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. I've posted information about the recent attacks against the Guarani Kaiowa in my last blog post. Below, I am providing some additional information about international financial involvements in Brazil, and the lack of the Brazilian government’s foresight in planning projects, particularly those that are linked to the extraction of natural resources that have led to environmental destruction and continued human rights abuses against indigenous people.
Finally, I would like readers to think about ways to solve issues of global environmental destruction that are rooted in international financial relations, particularly with the World Bank, the IMF, Free Trade, and Neoliberal Economics. As the need to extract, process, and produce goods for the world’s populations continues to grow, so does the need for new solutions that will ensure the sustainability of the planet’s ecosystems and the continued existence of cultural human diversity.
Finding Solutions? Questions for Readers
Here is an article posted on the web page "Survival International" (http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/4957) that provides an example of how social activism can act as a powerful tool and incentive to change status-quo loan procedures at the World Bank. Social activism only works with large social movements kick into action. The question is, how do we get ourselves and others to take action - to become involved and participate in stopping abusive practices (environmental and human) AND contribute to finding solutions? Do we change the way we educate our children? Do we make sure that university classes are engaged and involved in real life issues and that information learned is applied in practice? What do you think? Below are several web pages discussing the economic, social, and cultural (all three are inter-connected) practices that generate destructive, non-sustainable processes that are leading to the potential collapse of global environments.
Wep Pages - Environmental Destruction & Impact on Indigenous Peoples
http://www.mongabay.com/brazil-state_deforestation.html State Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon
http://news.mongabay.com/2009/0601-brazil_politics.html Political infighting in Brazil threatens the Amazon rainforest
June 01, 2009
http://news.mongabay.com/2009/0205-brazil.html Brazil to boost spending on infrastructure to counter economic crisis
February 05, 2009
http://news.mongabay.com/2008/1113-madeira.html Brazil OKs $4 billion dam in the Amazon rainforest
November 13, 2008
http://news.mongabay.com/2007/1003-ci_amazon.html South American development plan could destroy the Amazon
October 2, 2007
http://news.mongabay.com/2007/0608-xingu.html Amazon tribe blocks major Brazilian highway
June 8, 2007
http://news.mongabay.com/2007/0425-brazil.html Brazil splits environmental agency to fast-track development projects
Rhett A. Butler, mongabay.com
April 25, 2007
http://news.mongabay.com/2006/0317-reuters.html Brazil to flood Amazon rainforest for hydroelectric power
By Reese Ewing Reuters
Thursday, October 1, 2009
October 3, 2009 - More Abuse Against the Guarani Kaiowa Apyka'y in Mato Grosso do Sul - Cacique Marcos in Brazillia
Posted by Marcia Mikulak - Associate Professor, University of North Dakota Dept. of Anthropology at 12:30 PM